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Glaucoma Treatment
Understanding Diabetic Eye Diseases and Vision Loss

Those with diabetes likely understand the risk to health that comes with it. However, this condition can also significantly impact the healthy function of the eyes, jeopardizing vision in the process. Diabetes can be managed with medications, a nutritious diet, healthy lifestyle choices, and regular eye examinations. However, it is important to understand the serious eye condition associated with diabetes. Dr. Mittleman provides safe and effective eye care for patients who may be suffering from a diabetic eye disease. Learn more below.

How Diabetes Affects Eye Health

Diabetes can negatively affect the health of your eyes when blood sugar remains high. There are short-term and long-term effects, including:

Short-term: While total vision loss is not likely in the short term, vision can still be affected by diabetes. Blurry vision is common in diabetic patients, as high blood sugar can alter the levels of fluid in the eye. When blood sugar levels return to normal, the blurry vision tends to go away.

Long-term: If blood sugar remains high over extended periods of time, it can lead to damage of the small blood vessels located in the back of the eye. These weakened vessels can leak fluid, leading to swelling and blurry vision.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a common eye condition that can affect the retina and can lead to blindness. Sometimes, after blood vessels in the eye are damaged, new vessels can grow in their place; however, these vessels often develop abnormally and can cause serious issues with vision.

Diabetic Macular Edema

Patients with diabetes may also be at risk of developing diabetes-related macular edema, characterized by symptoms of eye floaters, trouble seeing colors, dark spots in the visual field, and distorted vision. Diabetic macular edema targets the macula, which is part of the retina that allows you to see fine details.


The group of eye diseases that damage the optical nerve is known as glaucoma. Age, family history, and diabetes can increase the risk of developing glaucoma. Irregular blood vessels can sometimes grow onto the iris, blocking off the natural drainage of fluid. This blockage can cause increased eye pressure, which can severely damage vision.


Though cataracts are common, especially as people get older, those with diabetes can develop cataracts at a younger age. This is because high glucose levels lead to deposits that build up in the eye’s lens, which contributes to clouding.

Diabetic Eye Treatment in West Palm Beach

Navigating eye health with diabetes can be made easier with a team of experts at your side. The doctors at Mittleman Eye provide effective diabetic eye disease treatment. Patients can contact us by calling 561-500-2020 to start a conversation or book an appointment directly using the online form.